如何预防污水池清理时中毒

来源:http://www.lrsuo.com 日期:2019-08-26

  如何预防污水池清理时中毒?污水池中有许多有毒有害气体,如硫化氢、甲烷等。如果污水池的操作没有得到适当的保护,很容易引起操作人员中毒事件。清理污水池时,必须采取安全措施,确保操作人员的人身安全。

  How to prevent poisoning during the cleaning of sewage pools? There are many toxic and harmful gases in sewage pools, such as hydrogen sulfide, methane, etc. If the operation of the sewage tank is not properly protected, it is easy to cause operator poisoning. When cleaning the sewage tank, safety measures must be taken to ensure the personal safety of operators.
  用于清洗污水池的防护设备主要包括个人防护设备、防护设备以及抢险应急设备。
  The protective equipment used to clean the sewage pool mainly includes personal protective equipment, protective equipment and emergency equipment.
  1. 个人防护设备
  1. Personal protective equipment
  日常及紧急个人防护用品,防止有毒气体中毒,如普通呼吸器(效果较差);过滤式防毒面具(一般效果,不能防止缺氧,效果主要取决于毒筒);隔离式防毒面具(效果好,并能防止缺氧,但价格昂贵,操作不便,且需配合的化学防护服使用)。
  Daily and emergency personal protective equipment to prevent toxic gas poisoning, such as ordinary respirator (poor effect); filter gas mask (general effect, can not prevent anoxia, the effect mainly depends on the gas canister); isolation gas mask (the best effect, and can prevent anoxia, but expensive, inconvenient operation, and need to cooperate with professional. Learn how to use protective clothing.
  个人防护装备和高浓度的有毒有害气体和化学物质:如全封闭化学防护服、化学防护手套和其他个人防护设备必须使用在日常的理解其目的,穿着方法,如防毒面具紧密性试验、化学防护服和手套,以防止水泄漏,等等。
  Personal protective equipment and high concentrations of toxic and harmful gases and chemicals: such as fully enclosed chemical protective clothing, chemical protective gloves and other personal protective equipment must be used in daily understanding of its purpose, wearing methods, such as gas mask tightness test, chemical protective clothing and gloves, in order to prevent water leakage, and so on.
  2. 保护装置
  2. Protective devices
  固定及移动式通风设备:如大功率鼓风风机、空压机、风道等。
  Fixed and mobile ventilation equipment: such as high-power blower, air compressor, air duct, etc.
  清洗设备:防护梯、消防水带、专用救生带、救生绳等。
济南管道疏通
  Cleaning equipment: protective ladder, fire hose, special lifebelt, lifeline, etc.
  3、救援应急设备
  3. Emergency Rescue Equipment
  如对讲通讯设备、急救箱、个人清洁设备(铲子等)
  For example, intercom communication equipment, first aid kit, personal cleaning equipment (shovel, etc.)
  净化污水池的防护措施主要包括制定完善的运行防护方案和应急措施。
  The protection measures of purified sewage pool mainly include formulating perfect operation protection scheme and emergency measures.
  1. 操作保护计划
  1. Operational protection plan
  建立日常管理机构和事故应急组织,建立专职和兼职管理人员;制定日常管理规章制度和操作规程,特别是制定事故应急管理计划。
  Establish day-to-day management organizations and emergency response organizations, establish full-time and part-time management personnel, formulate daily management rules and regulations and operating procedures, especially the formulation of emergency management plans for accidents.
  培训相关人员及员工操作及防护知识,并进行应急演练。
  Training related personnel and staff operation and protection knowledge, and conduct emergency drills.
  配备适当的防护设施和人身安全防护用品;禁止将水杯、饭碗等个人物品放置在有毒物质工作场所或场所。
  Equipped with appropriate protective facilities and personal safety protective equipment; it is forbidden to place personal items such as water cups and rice bowls in toxic substances workplace or place.
  2. 清理污水池的具体应急措施
  2. Specific Emergency Measures for Cleaning Sewage Tanks
  a .清洗时必须首先实现人工,机械自动去除大部分的污染物后,剩下的部分,全部爆炸,吹走大多数有毒气体,继续确保足够的通风和个人保护措施,如个别员工的前提下实现清洁,同时,必须确保在备用池外的紧急救援人员和设备。
  A. When cleaning, we must first achieve manual, mechanical automatic removal of most pollutants, the remaining parts will explode, blow away most toxic gases, and continue to ensure adequate ventilation and personal protection measures, such as cleaning on the premise of individual employees. At the same time, emergency rescue personnel and equipment outside the reserve pool must be ensured.
  B.发生紧急救援时,必须启动应急救援和预案,救援必须在现场人员指挥下进行。同时,必须保证其他救援人员和设备的紧急备用状态。
  B. When emergency rescue occurs, emergency rescue and preparedness must be initiated, and rescue must be conducted under the command of field professionals. At the same time, the emergency standby status of other rescue personnel and equipment must be ensured.
  检查污水池是否含有有毒有害气体。用明火进行测试是绝对不可能的。
  Check whether the sewage tank contains toxic and harmful gases. It is absolutely impossible to test with open fire.
  以上就是济南管道疏通公司为大家整理的相关内容,希望能帮到大家,我们的网站是http://www.lrsuo.com,欢迎大家来电咨询。
  Above is the related content that Jinan Pipeline dredging Company sorted out for you. Hope to help you. Our website is http://www.lrsuo.com. Welcome to inquire.

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